慶応義塾大学 経済研究所

MENU

Life Course Consequences of Low Birth Weight: Evidence from Japan

松島 みどり、清水谷 諭、山田 浩之

2018年5月25日

JELコード : I14, J14, I21, I31

PDF download

【要旨】

This study provides the first evidence on a variety of life course outcomes of birth weight in Japan by employing new datasets covering the middle and older generations. We have several interesting observations. First, low birth weight is significantly associated with adverse outcomes in early life including school performance and self-rated health. Second, no negative effect of low birth weight is found on educational attainment or primary job status. Third, health outcomes due to low birth weight at older ages are not negatively affected except for difficulty in mobility and higher risk of diagnosis with hypertension or diabetes. Overall, our findings suggest that the negative effect of lower birth weight seems to fade out over the life course.