高度成長期の環境政策の再考:汚染防止投資融資と地域汚染防止協定の評価
Ecological Modernisation in Japan: The Role of Interest Rate Subsidies and Voluntary Pollution Control Agreements

Robert J.R. Elliott、大久保敏弘

2016年3月29日

JELコード : O13, O31, H2, H23

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【要旨】

The need for developed countries to take a lead in the global fight against climate change is generally acknowledged and was intrinsic to the recent Paris climate change agreement. An understanding of the way in which environmental policy in advanced nations has developed and which policies had a significant impact on the reduction in the emissions of various pollutants may yield important policy prescriptions relevant to the current climate change negotiations. In this paper we consider how Japan’s little known environmental interest rate policy and voluntary pollution control agreements contributed to Japan’s ecological modernisation and how these policies compared to the more traditional regulatory approach. Our results show that Japan’s use of an environmental interest rate policy was an effective policy as a complement to the more traditional regulatory approach.